Ten Facts about Niger's Fifth Wives or WAHAYU

A wahaya (plural: wahayu) or “fifth wife” is a Nigerien girl or woman born into a slave caste and trafficked into domestic or sexual servitude. A wahaya can be sold to a wealthy or powerful man for as little as $400 US (200,000 CFA). The practice of “fifth wives” is most prevalent ...

10 Facts about Child Labor in Lake Volta’s Fishing Industry:

In Ghana, one in six children aged 6 to 14 are involved in child labor; 2.3 percent of them work in fishing. NGOs estimate that 4,000 to 10,000 children are trafficked and enslaved on Lake Volta at any time. Persistent poverty greatly contributes to the issue of child labor in the Lake ...

What are the Most Common Child Labor Products Found Around the World?

                    CLICK on title, and then click on chart to make larger. Please note that some countries with relatively large numbers of goods on this list may not have the most serious problems of child labor.  Often, these are countries that have more openly acknowledged the problems, have better research, and have ...

Child Domestic Servants

According to an ILO report in 2013, 10.5 million children work as domestic servants around the world.

Child Mining

An estimated 1 million children perform hazardous work in mines around the world.

Child Trafficking

According to UNICEF, 1.2 million children are trafficked each year--many for purposes of sexual exploitation.

Ivory Coast

According to a Tulane University study, 40 per cent of the 820,000 children working in cocoa in Ivory Coast are not enrolled in school, and only about 5 per cent of the Ivorian children are paid for their work.


In the Philippines, an estimated 246,000 children experience abuse, violence and child labor living on the streets.

Schooling and Conflict

In underdeveloped countries, every additional year of schooling reduces an adolescent boy’s risk of becoming involved in conflict by 20 percent. According to one study, a country that enrolls more than 87 percent of its children in school decreases its risk of conflict by nearly 75 percent.

The Philippines

According to the Philippine government, one in five Filipino children is involved in child labor--5.5 million in all.

Forced Labor

In June 2012, the ILO estimated that 21 million people had experienced forced labor over a 10-year period--5.5 million had been children.


The State Department estimates that 27 million people worldwide, most of them women and children, are victims of human trafficking, forced into labor or prostitution.


18 countries produce gold with child labor and many children are exposed to toxic substances like mercury during the process.

Child Labor & Brick Making

According to U.S. DOL/ILAB, bricks are produced by child labor in 15 countries: Afghanistan, Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, Burma, Cambodia, China, Ecuador, India, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Peru, Uganda, and Colombia.


In Cambodia,  52 per cent of children aged between seven and 14 work—over 1.4 million children.

A 2005 survey by NCL found that 96% of those Americans surveyed would not let their own children work in the fields as hired farmworkers under 13--something allowed by current U.S. Child Labor law.


Between 1995 and 2010, the U.S. Congress appropriated approximately $780 million to the U.S. Department of Labor to support global efforts to combat exploitive child labor.

Convention on the Rights of the Child

193 countries have ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The United States has not.


The proportion of children who live in countries that have not yet ratified ILO Convention 182 (on the worst forms of child labor) or Convention 138 (on the minimum age): 1 in 3


6 in 10 child laborers work in agriculture, most commonly as unpaid workers on family farms

Sub-Saharan Africa

While many areas of the world are experiencing some progress in reducing child labor, Sub-Saharan Africa is seeing an increase in child labor activity.

Hazardous work

Levels of hazardous work seem to be dropping for girls but not for boys.

Hazardous Labor

85 million children perform "hazardous" work

Decline of Child Labor Slowing?

The ILO reports that while child labor around the world decreased 10 percent between 2000 and 2004, it only decreased 3 percent between 2004 and 2008.


Almost 55 million children under the age of 5 in India are underweight.


Nearly one in five victims of trafficking around the world are children.

Child Labor Deaths in U.S.

34 workers under 18 died in the U.S. in 2008

Working Teens

In 2008, the number of 15- to 17-year-olds in the U.S. who worked: 2.3 million

Trafficking - Africa

According to a UNICEF report in 2003, the number of 53 African countries with human trafficking problems: 49

Trafficking - Africa

According to UNICEF, every year around 1,000 Mozambican women and children are sold to brothels in South Africa and other countries. Thousands of girls from Ethiopia are trafficked to the Middle East to work as domestic servants.

Africa & Child Labor

Four in 10 African children work. There are an estimated 80 million child workers in Africa and the number is growing.


India is home to one-fifth of the world's child population.

Birth Registration

The number of every 20 children born in Somalia and Liberia that have their birth registered: One [According to the United Nations, 'without a birth certificate, youngsters are more vulnerable to sexual exploitation, trafficking, and illegal adoption."]

Child Labor

Number of children between 5 and 14 years old that work around the world: 150 million


The average cost of a human slave around the world today: $90