Facts about Human Trafficking in Commemoration of World Day Against Human Trafficking, July 30, 2024

  1. It is estimated that there are nearly 28 million victims of human trafficking worldwide, up from 24.9 million in 2016. (Women on Guard, International Labour Organization)
  2. According to 2022 estimates, 49.6 million people are living in “modern slavery” conditions, which includes both forced labor (27.6 million) and forced marriage (22 million). (Walk Free)
  3. Overall, 17.3 million are exploited in the private sector, 6.3 million in forced commercial sexual exploitation, and 3.9 million in forced labor imposed by the State. (ILO)
  4. In 2021, an estimated 3.3 million children were exploited by forced labor globally on any given day, with 1.7 million trapped in forced commercial sexual exploitation. About a quarter of all victims of modern slavery are children. (ILO, Walk Free)
  5. Migrants face a three-times greater risk of forced labor than non-migrant workers. Out of every 1000 migrant workers, 14 are believed to be in forced labor conditions. (ILO, Walk Free)
  6. More than half of all forced labor occurs in either upper-middle income or high-income countries. (ILO)
  7. Four of the five world regions—Africa, Arab States, Asia & the Pacific, and Europe & Central Asia—are represented among the ten countries with the highest prevalence of modern slavery, which demonstrates its global reach. (Walk Free)
  8. Forced labor in the private economy generates $236 billion USD in illegal profits per year, a $64 billion (37%) increase compared to a decade prior. Some current estimates are as high as $245 billion. (ILO, Hope for Justice)
  9. 658 persons were convicted of a federal human trafficking offense in the US in 2020. Most of the federal human trafficking prosecutions in the U.S. involve sex trafficking, despite forced labor being the most prominent form of human trafficking worldwide. (S. State Dept. TIPS)
  10. In the US, there is no vacating of federal-level criminal records for human trafficking victims. Out of 467 surveyed victims, 62% stated they had been cited, arrested, or detained by law enforcement at least once, and a further 71% of those said that they had or have a criminal record as a result. 90% of those convictions were for crimes directly related to their trafficking. (S. State Dept. TIPS)

Data updated by Mimi Koenig, July 2024.